Esophageal Cancer: Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment. Esophageal cancer is the malignant tumor which is located in half of the cases, the closest to the stomach area, ie in the lower third of the esophagus, and is usually diagnosed from the 50. habits unhealthy, such as an unbalanced diet, smoking and drinking fluids too hot to damage the esophageal mucosa heat, are some of the risk factor’s that may be behind this cancer. Smoking, for example, multiplies the risks of two to four times the risks.
Esophageal cancer directly affects the mucous membrane and, as we have noted, it is located in the middle of diagnosed cases in the lower third of the esophagus and in the communication with the stomach. Followed in prevalence and by location, the middle third and upper third, in the connecting region with the pharynx. We are facing a type of tumor that usually manifests, at first, by difficulty swallowing food (dysphagia), Although this is not permanent difficulty when it can be confused with problems swallowing. As increasing difficulty eating, and also reach food liquids, also produces a weightloss, also motivated by the lack of appetite, nausea and vomiting. Another symptom that may appear are bad breath or Bad taste mouth. Should any of these symptoms occur, consult the doctor to rule out a tumor in question and, if not, confirm the diagnosis to start as soon as possible the most appropriate treatment.
Sometimes when the tumor spreads, you can also reach accompanied by pain When chest affects the space between the lungs, hoarseness When it affects the pharynx, hypo- or cough swallowing food.
What risk factors are behind this cancer? As explained by the Spanish Association Against Cancer, AECC, the age it is in this case a risk factor. In fact, this is a type of tumor that is usually diagnosed at age 50, being in this case up to three times more common among men versus women.
Bad habits, like with most tumors, have much to do, for example, smoking-which can be multiplied by two to four the risk-, the unbalanced diets for example, carrying poor in fruits and vegetables-diet, excessive alcohol consumption, when combined with smoking increases the risk of developing esophageal cancer by seven-, drinks hot -Increase the risk of damaging the mucosa of the esophageal-, infection Human Papillomavirus (HPV), and certain benign diseases -esófago Barrett aclasia, esophageal webs or syndrome Plummer-Vinson.
Avoid some of the risk factors in our power, such as care for the food, avoid the problems of obesity or poor mastication by dental problems. Gastro, the rise of stomach acid into the esophagus, which may occur to hiatal hernia, it is also desirable to avoid and, if present, treat.
Depending on the phase or stage where you are, and the extent of the affected organ, whenever possible, the tumor or the affected part of the esophagus is removed. Removal which in some cases it can be done with laser. Depending on the diagnosis, radio may be applied or chemotherapy.