The gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and can affect both men and women, although it is true that symptom They are different. Since it comes in contact with the bacteria until the first symptoms usually occur between two and five days. In the specific case of women symptoms, which are not always obvious from the outset, usually yellowish vaginal discharge, bleeding between periods, painful urination Y abdominal pain in the lower area. A disease to be treated because, among other complications, if left untreated it can make us much more vulnerable to padedecer called pelvic inflammatory disease that can cause infertility.
Gonorrhea is transmitted primarily through unprotected sex. This infection can occur at any age. Let’s see more closely how to act if we detect some of these symptoms or suspect that we may have gonorrhea.
Gonorrhea, as we have noted, is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium that grows and reproduces very easily in warm, moist areas. In women, affected areas They are essentially the cervix, uterus, ureter and fallopian tubes. However, the bacteria of gonorrhea may include appear in other areas of the body, mouth, eyes.
The transmission of gonorrhea bacteria occurs sexually, either vaginal, anal or oral. Any sexually active person can be infected with gonorrhea, at any age. But the transmission It can also occur from mother to child during Birth, if no appropriate treatment continued. It should be noted that gonorrhea does not develop antibodies, so, although we have passed the disease should again remain unprotected intercourse with an infected person can be spread again.
Pregnancy and gonorrhea
Gonorrhea can also be transmitted during childbirth, may endanger the life of newborn. Therefore, it is important that pregnant women Gonorrhea sufferers receive proper treatment before giving birth, and in any case all pregnant women should undergo diagnostic tests to rule out infection.
As is the case with other STDs, gonorrhea in mens It is essentially asymptomatic, and this causes inadvertent transmission. When symptoms occur, the most common are burning sensation when urinating, a white green discharge, yellow or, in some cases, inflammation and pain in the testicles. Also in the case of women It may be asymptomatic, although the most common symptoms are burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge and abnormal bleeding between menstrual cycles. For its part, symptoms of rectal infection include discharge, anal itching, pain, bleeding, or painful bowel movements. If infection develops in the mouth can cause sore throat.
Diagnosis and treatment
He diagnosis Gonorrhea can be done with a simple urine test, or through an anal swab or oropharynx. For his part, treatment Gonorrhea usually involves taking antibiotics, but it should be a couples therapy and during treatment is preferable to abstain from sex to prevent the spread of bacteria. The disappearance of symptoms occurs within a few days after starting treatment, but complete healing will take about 10-15 days, time that treatment should be continued without interruption.
Untreated gonorrhea can cause serious health problems and permanent in women and men. In women, the infection can spread to Fallopian tube and uterus and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. In these cases, the symptoms of gonorrhea fever and severe abdominal pain are added. Gonorrhea, and other sexually transmitted diseases, may increase the risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
All sexually active people are at risk of gonorrhea infection, so to prevent the spread of bacteria is necessary to relations with protection.
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