The prevention plays a key role in Health and, specifically, in the case of skin care, the body that, among other conditions, may be affected by melanoma, much more common than we think. The skin consists of the dermis and epidermis, where the melanocytes, or cells that produce melanin. Abnormal growth or multiplication is responsible for the appearance of melanoma, a particular tumor that can appear anywhere on the body.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
The first rule is preventive control the shape and dimensions of moles or spots present on the skin. Having a mole does not inevitably mean we will have a melanoma, but that does not mean we should let our guard down. If you suspect any of the skin moles It has changed its appearance should consult a specialist to check the possible presence of a melanoma. The symptom evident from this cancer are related to changes in the color or size of moles, which tend to vary the appearance with the appearance of jagged edges, or asymmetrical shapes differing shades. Other symptoms to consider is the presence of blood, skin lesions or a different thickness of the pigmented area.
for a accurate diagnosis, the doctor will make a biopsy, which is simply collecting a sample of the affected and examined under a microscope to check for cancer cells area.
Care and treatment
Therapy surgery It is the most suitable for treatment melanona and it consists of complete elimination, which can be supplemented by radiotherapy or chemotherapy, depending on the stage of the tumor. To formulate the treatment protocol most appropriate, the doctor will examine the place where the melanoma, his true gravity, the possible metastasis, growth rate and general health of the patient is.
He forecast, or the probability that the disease can reappear in time, depends primarily on tumor thickness and ulceration or presence of metastases. Anyway, statistics find that the battle against this tumor shows positive data. In Western more than 80% of patients surgically countries that have removed a melanoma they have high expectations of life. Detect as soon as possible greatly increases the chances of successful treatment.
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