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Ovarian cancer: causes, symptoms and treatments

In our country they are diagnosed in about 3,000 cases per year ovarian cancer, behind other tumors such as breast, uterine or colorectal cancers. Most cases occur in women between 45 and 70 years. In medical terms, there are several types ovarian cancer, the most common serous carninomas, adenocarcinomas, mucinous carcinomas Y germinal (The latter are the most common in younger women). Ovarian cancer does not usually show symptoms in its early stages, so most cases are diagnosed in advanced stages.

Causes

It is estimated that 5-10% of ovarian cancers respond to inherited genetic factors. Family history of ovarian, breast, endometrial or colon cancer increase risk to develop this type of tumor. They are also more vulnerales the women carry a genetic mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene called.

It is not the only factor to consider, since several studies have found that HRT may increase at menopause their risk of cancer ovario.Por contrast, oral contraceptives if they can help reduce risks. Nor should we underestimate other risk factors such as age (Most cases are diagnosed in the menopause), duration ovulation period, the late menopause, overweight, no pregnancies or the smoking. Some studies have indicated that infertility It may be associated with a moderate risk of developing ovarian cancer.

symptom

Ovarian cancer does not present, as noted, symptom in the early stages, so it is difficult to identify early, but there are three possible signals which may indicate their presence: have swollen abdomen, the need to urinate frequently, and a continuous feeling of fullness even on an empty stomach. generic and symptoms common to other diseases, and therefore may be underestimated. For an accurate diagnosis should be performed gynecological examination, and from there determine the need for further tests.

Treatment

Ovarian cancer is treated with surgery whose size varies depending on the stage at which the disease is. The surgery is followed by chemotherapy treatment varies depending on the size of the excised tumor.

You may also be interested in: Breast and ovarian cancer: how do you know if you have a hereditary tumor? and poliquíticos Ovaries: symptoms, causes and treatment.


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