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Pharynx and larynx cancer: Another reason to leave the snuff

Pharynx and larynx cancer: Another reason to leave the snuff. And is that the habit of smoke, as underscore doctors and specialists, is one of the main risk factor’s This type of tumors. It is estimated, according to the Spanish Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Neck Surgery, in our country laryngeal cancer registers an annual rate incidence between 20 and 25 people per hundred thousand inhabitants. One of the highest rates in the world. The snuff is, with the alcohol, one of the main allies of these tumors, an increase in recent years in the number of female patients.

When the tumor cells are reproduced in the larynx can also affect nearby organs (pharynx, inside the mouth). It is, as the Spanish Association Against Cancer, AECC, one of the three ways explained increase of laryngeal cancer and called local growth. This type of tumor may also grow lymphatic spread (In the lymph) or dissemination hematogenous (Less often, through blood vessels). Laryngeal cancer is directly related to the consumption of snuff. In fact, smoking is a major risk factor, and one that is also in our hands to avoid. A higher consumption, and longer, more risks.

Next to snuff, alcohol also increases the risk of developing this cancer. Other factors include the age -a older, more risk- and unbalanced diets. The poor diets Two such essential foods like fruits and vegetables increase the risk of laryngeal cancer. As underline doctors, usually it coincides patients diagnosed with cancer and smokers are those who lead a more unbalanced diet or nutritional deficit vitamin or mineral.

symptom

Early detection is, as in other cancers, essential to start treatment as soon as possible and win the battle to the tumor. In this case, the most common symptoms are problems in the voice, hoarseness or dysphonia. A symptom which, incidentally, is usually more common in smokers (hoarseness, cough). If the symptoms are not specific, but persist, consult a doctor.

Other symptoms associated with cancer of the larynx are the involvement of lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy) in the neck area, pain (Especially on swallowing), dryness of the throat or feeling fatigue and shortness of breath (dyspnea).

Laryngeal cancers

Depending on the location of the different types of laryngeal cancer are defined. The tumor derived from squamous, cells mucous membrane of the larynx, known as squamous cell carcinoma or epidermoid. Meanwhile, you can also talk about cancer supraglótico, glottic or subglottic, depending on the area of ​​the organ where it originates.

Pharynx cancer and Human Papilloma Virus

But there are other risk factors to consider in preventing cancers that affect the neck, mouth and pharynx, such as the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV, doctors, may be behind a number of cancer diagnoses amygdala.


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