Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. It is considered one of the most common infections, presenting different symptoms in men and women.
The presence of the parasite is most common among young women (between 15 and 35 years), but may also go unnoticed because they do not always have symptoms. How do I know if I have trichomoniasis?
How is trichomoniasis spread?
Trichomoniasis is spread by sexual contact and infect the genital area. For men the most common area is the urethra (inside the penis); in women, the urethra, vagina or vulva.
Like other sexually transmitted infections, trichomoniasis can be cured and treated, because although early symptoms are mild, long term increases the risk of transmission of other STDs.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis in women
- Redness and swelling in the vaginal area.
- Itching sensation when urinating.
- Need to go to urinate more often.
- Changes in vaginal discharge, yellowish and can cause odor.
- Abdominal pain in lower zone.
- Pain during sexual intercourse or dyspareunia.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis in men
- Burning sensation when urinating and ejaculating.
- Need to urinate more frequently.
- unusual discharge of a white liquid in the urethra.
- Painful intercourse.
Trichomoniasis during pregnancy
Trichomoniasis in pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm delivery and low birth weight baby.
Treatment of trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis is treated with antibiotics (metronidazole, tinidazole). The treatment does not prevent future infections, and trichomoniasis can contract again. To prevent further contagion, should abstain from sex until they have submitted all symptoms. The couple / as with which they have had sexual contact also follow the treatment.
How to prevent trichomoniasis?
- The most effective way to prevent trichomoniasis is abstinence or sex with the person we are sure is not infected only.
- Latex condoms help prevent the spread or transmission of trichomoniasis, but we must remember that do not cover all the genital area.
- If you notice any symptoms, consult a doctor.
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